What Causes Migraines?

Migraines can cause debilitating pain in some patients, and many people may not be aware of the common triggers. Attacks can last from a few hours to a few days. Knowing what causes your migraines may help reduce the number of attacks in the future. Additionally, certain treatments, lifestyle changes, and self-help practices can all help migraines.

Visit AFC Urgent Care Stoneham for migraine treatment. Our providers may be able to help determine your triggers and the best methods for avoiding them in the future. Visit our walk-in center today for help. 

Causes & Symptoms of Migraines

Migraines often occur in stages, though not everyone who experiences migraines will go through all symptoms. The first stage is called Prodrome. It typically happens a few days before the migraine actually begins and can cause mood changes, food cravings, neck stiffness, and frequent yawning. 

The second stage is called Aura. This stage can happen either before or during a migraine. Symptoms can include visual phenomena, vision loss, and a pins and needles sensation in the arms or legs.

The third stage is called Attack. This is the actual migraine stage that causes pain. This stage can last from a few hours to a few days if left untreated. This pain can be on either one or both sides of the head. The pain may pulse, and there can be an increased sensitivity to light. 

The final stage is called Post-drome. This is normally the recovery period from a migraine. Patients may feel drained, drowsy, or confused. 

Whatever the cause of the migraine is different for every person. Be sure to keep track of everything that happens when you first notice symptoms beginning. Some common migraine triggers include hormonal changes in women, stress, sleep changes, strong smells or bright, flashing lights, changes in the weather, physical exertion, and anxiety.

Risk Factors

If your family has a history of migraines, then you have a good chance of also developing migraines. Age can also impact the likelihood of attacks. Women are more likely to experience migraines, especially if going through menopause, pregnancy, or menstruation.

Treatment & Prevention

Many medications can help treat migraines. Pain-relieving medications can help stop symptoms, and preventative medications can help prevent future attacks. Speak with a medical provider at AFC Urgent Care to determine the best type of medication for your migraines. 

When preventing migraines, the type of medication you take depends on the severity and frequency of the attacks. Botox injections, anti-seizure drugs, antidepressants, and blood pressure medication are all considered. Speak with your doctor about the best type for you.